The Evolution of the Juvenile Court : Race, Politics, and the Criminalizing of Juvenile Justice

The Evolution of the Juvenile Court : Race, Politics, and the Criminalizing of Juvenile Justice


Winner, 2020 ACJS Outstanding Book Award, given by the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences

A major statement on the juvenile justice system by one of America's leading experts

The juvenile court lies at the intersection of youth policy and crime policy. Its institutional practices reflect our changing ideas about children and crime control. The Evolution of the Juvenile Court provides a sweeping overview of the American juvenile justice system's development and change over the past century. Noted law professor and criminologist Barry C. Feld places special emphasis on changes over the last 25 years-the ascendance of get tough crime policies and the more recent Supreme Court recognition that "children are different."

Feld's comprehensive historical analyses trace juvenile courts' evolution though four periods-the original Progressive Era, the Due Process Revolution in the 1960s, the Get Tough Era of the 1980s and 1990s, and today's Kids Are Different era. In each period, changes in the economy, cities, families, race and ethnicity, and politics have shaped juvenile courts' policies and practices. Changes in juvenile courts' ends and means-substance and procedure-reflect shifting notions of children's culpability and competence.

The Evolution of the Juvenile Court examines how conservative politicians used coded racial appeals to advocate get tough policies that equated children with adults and more recent Supreme Court decisions that draw on developmental psychology and neuroscience research to bolster its conclusions about youths' reduced criminal responsibility and diminished competence. Feld draws on lessons from the past to envision a new, developmentally appropriate justice system for children. Ultimately, providing justice for children requires structural changes to reduce social and economic inequality-concentrated poverty in segregated urban areas-that disproportionately expose children of color to juvenile courts' punitive policies.

Historical, prescriptive, and analytical, The Evolution of the Juvenile Court evaluates the author's past recommendations to abolish juvenile courts in light of this new evidence, and concludes that separate, but reformed, juvenile courts are necessary to protect children who commit crimes and facilitate their successful transition to adulthood.

Similar Books

ISBN 10: 1620971313
ISBN 13: 9781620971314

21 Jan 2016
Nell Bernstein

ISBN 10: 1446275914
ISBN 13: 9781446275917

25 Dec 2015
Christoffer Carlsson

ISBN 10: 0190605553
ISBN 13: 9780190605551

01 Nov 2017
Cara H. Drinan

ISBN 10: 1620971933
ISBN 13: 9781620971932

23 Jul 2020
Michelle Alexander

ISBN 10: 0813545366
ISBN 13: 9780813545363

30 May 2009
Anthony M. Platt

ISBN 10: 0375727612
ISBN 13: 9780375727610

01 Aug 2005
Salzman Mark

ISBN 10: 1620973421
ISBN 13: 9781620973424

16 Jan 2018
Monique W Morris

ISBN 10: 0520292065
ISBN 13: 9780520292062

19 Dec 2017
Ranita Ray

ISBN 10: 1595589562
ISBN 13: 9781595589569

04 Sep 2014
Nell Bernstein

ISBN 10: 0395615569
ISBN 13: 9780395615560

01 Apr 2003
Donald T. Campbell

ISBN 10: 1305261100
ISBN 13: 9781305261105

06 Feb 2015
Michael Maxfield

ISBN 10: 1501102931
ISBN 13: 9781501102936

17 Mar 2015
Edward Humes